Spotted lanternfly


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The spotted lanternfly or Lycorma delicatula (order Hemiptera, family Fulgoridae) is a planthopper native to China, India, and Vietnam. Although it has two pairs of wings, it jumps more than it flies. Its host plants are grapes, pines, stone fruits, and Malus spp. In its native habitat it is kept in check by natural predators or pathogens. It was accidentally introduced in Korea in 2006 and is since considered a pest. In September 2014, it was first spotted in the U.S..

The spotted lanternfly is originally native to parts of China, India, Vietnam and eastern Asia. It is an 1 inch long and a half inch wide planthopper belonging to the family of the fulgorid insects. The lantern analogy stems from the inflated front portion of the head, that was thought to be luminous. It was first described by Adam White in 1845 as Aphaena delicatula with habitat outside of Nankin, China. Adult lantern flies have a black head and grayish wings adorned with the name giving black spots. Their wing tips look like they are covered with tiny black bricks and grey mortar in between. In flight it displays red hind wings with black spots on the proximal third, a white wedge in the middle of the wing and a solid black wing tip. The abdomen is yellowish with black and white bands on the top and bottom. The lanternfly is a strong jumper and hops from location to location more than it flies. In Chinese medicine the spotted lanternfly is regarded poisonous and used for relief from swelling. It feeds on woody plants and non-woody plants, piercing the phloem tissue of foliage and young stems with its specialized mouth parts, and sucking its sap. The sugary fluid leaks and coats leaves and stems, which can encourage mold growth. It does not feed on fruit or the leaves per se. The lantern fly has a wide host range and innumerable host plants are known, including grapes, pines, the Rosaceae with stone fruits, and apple species. source

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