The Alpine Black Swallowtail (Papilio maackii) is a butterfly of the family Papilionidae. It is found in Central Asia, Japan, China and South Korea.
The larvae feed on Zanthoxylum ailanthoides, Euodia meliaefolia, Orixa japonica, and Phellodendron amurense.
The wingspan ranges from 12 to 14 cm. The body of P. maackii is black and dotted with some green scales. The topwings of males are black and speckled with many green scales. The underside of the wings are brown. The hindwings are black and speckled with blue and purple scales and have a tail. There is an eye on the side closest to the body. The underside of the hindwings are a darker brown and lined with red or orange spots. Females are more brightly colored and vibrant than males.